Did you know that there are some fruits and vegetables that contain toxins that are harmful to the body? Yup! It turns out that your favorite fruit or vegetable has secretly contained toxins that can be harmful to the body. How can you stay safe? Check out the explanation below.
1. Lychee fruit
The lychee when viewed from the outside looks rough and prickly. Even so, the flesh has a sweet taste, is soft and contains a lot of water. However, if you eat this fruit before it is ripe, especially eaten on an empty stomach or consumed by malnourished children, then lychees can be poisonous and have fatal consequences. As recently happened in the city of Muzaffarpur India, which is the largest lychee production area in India.
Every year, hundreds of children in India are hospitalized for fever and seizures. Recent reports reveal that they may have been poisoned by raw lychees. These toxins cause the production of sugar in the body is inhibited, resulting in lower blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia . This can lead to encephalopathy , or a functional change in brain function.
According to the World Bank, cassava is the most important source of calories after corn and rice, which is consumed by 600 million people worldwide every day. This type of plant is delicious when fried, boiled, or roasted. But be careful! Cassava can be poisonous if not processed properly. The good thing is, this plant naturally contains hydrogen cyanide poison, so it needs proper processing to reduce its toxicity.
Cassava processing can be done by fermentation, stripping, drying, and cooking to remove toxins. If someone eats raw or unprocessed, eating cassava can affect thyroid hormones and damage nerve cells in the brain associated with movement, and can even cause paralysis.
3. Star fruit
Star fruit has a high enough risk for people suffering from kidney disease . According to the National Kidney Foundation in the United States, star fruit contains toxins that can affect the brain and can cause nervous disorders.
For people who have healthy kidneys, these poisons can be processed and eliminated in the body, but otherwise people who have chronic kidney disease cannot detoxify this fruit. As a result, the poison can potentially cause death.
This plant is actually not dangerous to eat, but if left too long, the impact is not good. Eating cane that has been moldy or stored too long the risk will cause poisoning.
Even if the fungus in sugar cane is eaten by children, it can cause death or neurological disease for life. Not only children, this poison is also dangerous for all people. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this fungus called artbrinium produces toxins that can cause vomiting, seizures, and coma.
One of the most famous products of the cycads is sago. Starch derived from the sago palm tree can be eaten in many forms. Just like cassava, cyclic plants need processing to remove toxins in them. The reason, cycads are ancient plants that become one of the most poisonous plants in the world and trigger neurodegenerative diseases.
This neurodegenerative disease plays a role in thrush, namely neurological diseases such as Alzheimer and Parkinson on the island of Guam – the origin of this plant. The two poisons contained in sikas, namely cycasin and BIMAA must be removed by washing, fermentation, and cooking.
Maybe you are surprised why potatoes can enter the list of types of fruits and vegetables that contain toxins. The reason, potatoes are one of the foods that are in great demand by people but in fact can actually be toxic to the body. Salanine – a poison in potatoes, in fact can be dangerous if the potato is consumed when the sprouts have grown and are green.
Potatoes that have sprouted and are green will taste even more bitter. This bitter taste is allegedly a sign that there is poison in the potato.
7. Kidney beans
Many nuts contain the poison phytohemagglutinin, but the most toxic content is red beans. Even so, the toxin content can be reduced when red beans are cooked. Within one to three hours, people can experience nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea which can develop into abdominal pain. But the impact is not as bad as if exposed to cassava and starfruit food poison. People can recover fairly quickly within three or four hours after symptoms begin.